By B. A. Dogel’, Y. P. Ilyasov (auth.), S. Y. Braude, A. E. Salomonovich, V. A. Samanian, I. S. Shklovskii, R. L. Sorochenko, V. S. Troitskii, K. I. Kellermann, B. A. Dubinskii, N. L. Kaidanovskii, N. S. Kardashev, M. M. Kobrin, A. D. Kuzmin, A. P. Molchanov
This translation of A short historical past of Radio Astronomy within the USSR makes descriptions of the antennas and instrumentation utilized in the USSR, the astronomical discoveries, in addition to attention-grabbing own backgrounds of some of the early key avid gamers in Soviet radio astronomy to be had within the English language for the 1st time. This publication is a set of memoirs recounting an engaging yet mostly nonetheless darkish period of Soviet astronomy. The association of the essays is set basically by the point while radio astronomy experiences started on the associations concerned. those contain the Lebedev actual Institute (FIAN), Gorkii kingdom collage and the affiliated Physical-Technical Institute (GIFTI), Moscow country college Sternberg Astronomical institute (GAISH) and house learn Institute (IKI), the dept of Radio Astronomy of the most Astronomical Observatory in Pulkovo (GAO), designated Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine (SSR), Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics of the USSR Academy of Sciences (IRE), Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere and Radio-Wave Propagation Institute (IZMIRAN), Siberian Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere and Radio-Wave Propagation (SibIZMIRAN), the Radio Astrophysical Observatory of the Latvian Academy of Sciences and Leningrad nation University.
A short heritage of Radio Astronomy within the USSR is an interesting resource of knowledge on a prior period of medical tradition and fields of analysis together with the Soviet SETI actions. someone drawn to the hot background of technology will take pleasure in interpreting this volume.
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Additional info for A Brief History of Radio Astronomy in the USSR: A Collection of Scientific Essays
Dogel’ et al. Gorozhankin, who headed the Group for the Mathematical Processing of Observations (L. N. Borodovskaya, V. M. Antonova), Salomonovich was appointed as the Head of the Crimean Station, Kaidanovskii as his assistant, Vitkevich as the Head of the Alushta operation and the engineer Kovalevskii as the Head of the operation on Koshka Mountain. This reorganisation made it possible to speed up the work being carried out. Fourth-year (R. L. Sorochenko, F. V. Bunkin, B. D. Osipov, N. B. Delone) and third-year (V.
Butuzov. The development of the technology for preparing the reflecting surface was done by Kalachev, Kaidanovskii and Salomonovich. This problem was solved using a specialised template and concrete matrix to punch out the reflector elements. In May 1949, all the components of the radio telescope had been sent from Moscow to Koshka Mountain, where the assembly of the telescope began immediately. The constructional rigging for the large-scale and heavy components of the radio telescope was strung in the most primitive way, using two parallel block-and-tackle setups based on tubular tripods.
Shaonov, V. G. Veselago) students from the recently founded Physical–Technical Institute were also assigned to the Crimean Station, and the graduates of the Moscow Energy Institute N. F. Ryzhkov and T. M. Egorova were taken on in 1950. The development of measurement methods was carried out under the overall supervision of Khaikin, at metre wavelengths by Chikhachev and Likhter, at decimetre and then metre wavelengths by Vitkevich, at 10 cm by Kovalevskii and Sorochenko and at 3 cm by Kaidanovskii.