By Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes
This best-selling textual content for introductory Latin American historical past classes, A background of Latin the US, encompasses political and diplomatic concept, category constitution and financial association, tradition and faith, and the surroundings. The integrating framework is the dependency conception, the most well-liked interpretation of Latin American heritage, which stresses the commercial courting of Latin American countries to wealthier international locations, relatively the United States.Spanning pre-historic occasions to the current, A heritage of Latin the United States makes use of either a chronological and a nation-by-nation process, and comprises the newest historic research and the main updated learn. this can be the main streamlined and cohesive version but, with giant additions to pedagogy and bankruptcy content material. improved insurance of social and cultural heritage comprises girls, indigenous cultures, and Afro-Latino peoples.
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Additional info for A History of Latin America
They developed a calendar that was more accurate than ours in making adjustments to the exact length of the solar year. Maya theologians believed that time was a burden that the gods carried on their backs. At the end of a certain period, one god laid down his burden for another god to pick up and continue on the journey of time. A given day or year was lucky or unlucky depending on whether the god-bearer at the time was a benevolent or a malevolent god. Thus, the Maya calendars were primarily divinatory in character—used to predict conditions in a particular time period.
The Aztec and Inca civilizations still ﬂourished at the coming of the Spaniards, and some conquistadors wrote vivid accounts of what they saw. The colorful story of the Conquest of Mexico and Peru and the unhappy fate of their emperors Moctezuma (Montezuma) and Atahualpa have also served to focus historical and literary attention on the Aztecs and the Incas. Unfortunately, the fame and glamor that surrounded these peoples obscured the achievements of their predecessors, who laid the cultural foundations on which the Maya, Aztecs, and Incas built.
However, abundant linguistic and archaeological evidence 2 Recent archaeological discoveries, however, are revolutionizing the dates traditionally assigned to the Maya Classic period. The newly discovered city of Nakbé in the dense tropical forest of northern Guatemala, which contains extensive stone monuments and temples, is dated from 600 to 400 BCE, pushing the Classic era back into the time span commonly assigned to the Formative or Preclassic period. 17 suggests that the lowland Maya were descendants of groups who lived in or near the Olmec area before 1000 BCE and who brought with them the essential elements of Mesoamerican civilization.