By Mian Mohammad Sharif

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P. 281. is due to the fact that it is constituted of three gunas, namely, -sattya, rajas, and tamas, which, though different, nevertheless work harmoniously to produce an ordered world. Sattya means what is pure, rajas signifies what is active, while tamas stands for what offers resistance. These three gunas are present in every object since the effect cannot be other than its material cause. " The gunas do not combine in the same ratio in evenr object and that accounts for the multiplicity and the infinite diversity of things.

All-exclusive. Further, at some places Brahman is imagined as the impersonal Absolute without attributes; at other places he is recognized as the highest spiritual Being that unites all-forms of perfection in Himself. Hence it would be no exaggeration to say that though the Upanisads contain flashes of insight, yet they are not a self-contained homogeneous system and that they also lack completeness. It is for this reason that Saihkara believes that there are two types of doctrines in the Upanisads: esoteric, understanding God as the impersonal, unknowable Absolute without attributes, and the other exoteric, regarding God as a Person who manifests Himself in the various divinities.

I t is more cruel to let domestic animals which one can no longer feed die a painful death by starvation than to give them a quick and painless end by violence. " 44 3. —As a prince, Buddha's name was Siddhartha and his family name Gautama; his father's name Suddhodana, and his mother's Maya. It is interesting to note that all these names have meanings from which it is conjectured that Buddha might not have been a historical person. " These meanings suggest an allegorical signification, very much in the style of the Pilgrim's Progress.

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