By Michael Edgerton

Units forth practices to make sure defense and foster overseas alternate Written with a world viewpoint, this publication analyzes the advanced set of things affecting the safety of port and maritime operations, together with transport, politics, economics, crime, and terrorism. writer Michael Edgerton opinions present ways to maritime and port protection in line with his greater than twenty-five years of expertise in Read more...

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This high volume creates many challenges for governments and other entities that are responsible for ensuring the safe and secure transportation of cargo around the world. Complicating this issue is the increase in just-in-time delivery that was outlined in Chapter 1. Therefore, customs officials and regulators are faced with the challenge of securely moving huge amounts of cargo as rapidly as possible through ports to their final point of delivery. This has historically created significant vulnerabilities in the security of the cargo as well as the ports through which the cargo transits.

However, for the period of the ship's visit, the flag state and port state share what is essentially a mobile, temporary border, with many of the same challenges, including potential threats to the ship and the port as well as the need to cooperate to ensure the smooth flow of commerce and trade. Therefore, although both foreign ships and port states retain their respective rights and responsibilities, the inherent requirement to cooperate in ensuring both ship and port safety and security is reflected in the ISPS Code by the requirement that in any nonroutine situation, the ship and cognizant port authority execute a Declaration of Security, which outlines the safety and security measures to be taken by each party and the appropriate emergency contact information.

These include: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Vessel registries Ship owners Ship operators Classification societies Personnel agencies Labor unions Shipowner/operator organizations Shipping agents Cargo brokers Third-party logistics carriers Port operators Terminals Port authorities Harbormasters Customs Immigration agencies Coast guards Police agencies Intelligence agencies Navies Trade associations Safety agencies Environmental agencies Charterers Insurers Ship chandlers Technical repair and maintenance companies Unique Characteristics of Ports and International Shipping 7 International shipping has three larger components into which all of the above entities fit.

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