By Florence E. Babb
Nicaragua's Sandinista revolution (1979-1990) initiated a vast application of social transformation to enhance the location of the operating category and negative, ladies, and different non-elite teams via agrarian reform, restructured city employment, and broad entry to overall healthiness care, schooling, and social prone. This booklet explores how Nicaragua's least robust voters have fared within the years because the Sandinista revolution, as neoliberal governments have rolled again those state-supported reforms and brought measures to advertise the improvement of a market-driven economy.
Drawing on ethnographic study carried out in the course of the Nineties, Florence Babb describes the destructive outcomes that experience the go back to a capitalist direction, particularly for ladies and low-income electorate. additionally, she charts the expansion of women's and different social events (neighborhood, lesbian and homosexual, indigenous, early life, peace, and environmental) that experience taken benefit of new openings for political mobilization. Her ethnographic photos of a low-income barrio and of women's craft cooperatives powerfully hyperlink neighborhood, cultural responses to nationwide and international processes.
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Additional resources for After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua
In the last chapter I ask what will be remembered about Nicaragua, as I return to and expand on some questions raised earlier in the context of neoliberal Nicaragua at the close of the century. I reconsider the ways that ideas about Nicaragua have been mobilized in popular “remembering” of the revolution and its aftermath, in the country and outside it, and how the cultural landscape has shifted during this period of globalization. In addition, I seek to discover what cultural signs are on the horizon as the country struggles to recover from the widespread destruction of Hurricane Mitch.
As one activist recently described it, following the electoral defeat, “amnlae suffered a crisis, but the movement diversiﬁed as the various trends and ideas that had not ﬁt within the organization began to act” (Alemán and Miranda 1993: 23). When amnlae did not carry through on the agreement to renew and democratize the women’s movement, a number of feminists turned away to build a more diverse and independent movement. Signaling that decision, the Festival of the 52 Percent (referring to women in Nicaragua’s population) was held in honor of International Women’s Day in March 1991 as an alternative to participating in amnlae’s national congress.
Although they had a space in which to Negotiating Spaces 35 work, they could not be sure that it would remain available to them, making the absence of a secure work environment an issue for them as well. By early 1993, the women had disbanded their organization, and while some sought work elsewhere, others were once again at home with their families. One of the two former coordinators of the co-op, the only single woman in the group, was featured in a short newspaper story and, as a result, received offers to join a couple of male welders in their work.