By Paul Valéry
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Each time you press the 46 III. THE FIRST EXPERIMENTS: INEQUITY AND COOPERATION button you take . It to yourself. " Notice that the yellow light next to the "take money" button is on. After each subject pressed his button several times, subjects were shown that the take button was on only when both had chosen to cooperate. " As you see, the light shows that the "take money" button is now off. " This contingency allowed a subject to avoid unwanted loss if he chose not to cooperate. When cooperation was the mutual choice, a subject could use the button at any time as long as the other subject had any money.
A closed circuit television receiver placed next to the panel showed the amount of money available to each subject for work on each of the tasks. Figure 2-3 Diagram of subject panel. 28 II. METHODS: MEASUREMENT AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN SUBJECTS T h e procedures used to recruit subjects varied somewhat from those most common in the discipline. In particular, we wanted to ensure that money, the primary reinforcer throughout the experiment, would motivate our subjects to work to maximize earnings. Consequently, our recruitment procedures were designed to dissuade from volunteering those persons primarily interested in obtaining an "educational" experience.
CHAPTER 3 THE FIRST EXPERIMENTS: INEQUITY AND COOPERATION This chapter reports on a series of experiments which concern differences in the comparative magnitude of rewards for cooperation. We began by studying reward inequity primarily because a prior literature had developed regarding its effects. As will become apparent, however, the conditions relevant to the effects of inequity and interpersonal risk are not discrete. One inequity experiment also contained our first manipulation of risk as part of our treatment of the ability to transfer rewards.