By S. Jorgensen

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24 Environmental Impact Assessment and Application – Part 2 Further, these impacts are predicted for the preconstruc tion/construction, operation, and the decommissioning/ abandonment phase of the proposed project. In addition, impact of the environment on the project has to be con sidered as well. Current standard construction practice generally includes environmental protection measures that will mitigate many potential environmental concerns. Also potential impact associated with accidental events and potential cumulative effects has to be considered.

However, there are major problems with such weighted matrices, not least being the problem of subjectivity in attaching numerical values to different impact types. Additionally, conventional matrices deal only in direct impacts and are not, therefore, appropriate to the assess ment of indirect and cumulative impacts as well as impact interactions. Condensing information on complex environmental variables into some manageable form is a problem of assessment. Aggregation, sometimes called weighting and scaling, methods represents a technical fix to this problem.

The nature and practicality of EIAs will vary. Approaches will vary between countries and between local areas within countries. What may be significant issues in one case may not be considered significant within another jurisdiction. Accordingly, the examples in this article are provided as indicative of approaches to these categories of projects. It is imperative that engineers, planners, and scientists undertaking EIAs con sult their national and/or local EIA legislation and guidelines. Description of existing environment.

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