By Derek Robert George Beattie, Martin McNamara, Royal Irish Academy

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14-21 and 67-73, as well as the pioneering work of J. Mann in Texts and Studies in Jewish History and Literature, II (Cincinnati, 1935). 40 The Aramaic Bible: Targums in their Historical Context literal interpretation of the biblical verse given a boost by such systematic approaches. 23 In the earliest years of Genizah research, now about a century ago, the discovery of the Palestinian triennial cycle for both the pentateuchal and prophetic weekly readings generated great excitement and led scholars to believe that they were now in a position to reconstruct what precisely had been read in the synagogue on particular sabbaths of the year from as early as the time of Jesus.

The Hebrew Text in Transmission and the History of the Ancient Versions (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1951), p. 197. 3. m. Yad. 5 4. The history of targumic research can be seen in M. McNamara, 'A Brief Sketch of Targumic Studies', in The New Testament and the Palestinian Targum to the Pentateuch (Rome: FBI, 1966), pp. 5-66; idem, 'Half a Century of Targum Study', IrBiblSt 1 (1979), pp. 157-68; idem, 'Some Recent Writings on Rabbinic Literature and the Targums', Milltown Studies 9 (1982), pp.

387-407; and Hebrew Manuscripts: A Treasured Legacy (ed. B. Richler; Cleveland and Jerusalem, 1990), with bibliography on pp. 144-45. Of particular relevance is the kind of impact made by Adolf Neubauer in Oxford as well as Solomon Marcus Schiller-Szinessy and Solomon Schechter in Cambridge in the last decades of the nineteenth century. 3 Further, it is not insignificant that the major source materials for recent research are no longer authoritative and impressive codices alone but also the thousands of fragmentary items to be found among the collections from the Dead Sea of the Second Temple period and from the Fatimid Egyptian capital of the medieval centuries.

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